Rights granted to Publisher
For open access articles, published in proprietary titles, Publisher is granted the following rights:
- The exclusive right to publish and distribute an article, and to grant rights to others, including for commercial purposes.
- The right to provide the article in all forms and media so the article can be used on the latest technology even after publication.
- The authority to enforce the rights in the article, on behalf of an author, against third parties, for example in the case of plagiarism or copyright infringement.
Plagiarism and Similarity Rates
The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. We recommend reviewers in the peer review process to completely check and control the similarities and guide authors to avoid similarities with other published materials.
We accept all terms and conditions of the COPE regarding similarity rates and plagiarism and in case, any attempt for plagiarism accompanied with convincing evidence is considered. Accordingly, we act based on the flowcharts and workflows by the COPE.
The highest responsibility to control and avoid plagiarism is held by the EIC of the journal.
The retraction is a public statement made about an earlier statement that is going to be removed from the journal. The retraction may be initiated by the editors of the journal, or by the author(s) of the paper. However, since the editors are responsible for the journal’s content, they always make the final decision to retract the material. The journal editors may retract publications even if all or some of the authors refuse to retract the publication.
When should a publication be retracted?
Only published items can be retracted. Publications should be retracted as soon as possible when the journal editors are convinced that the publication is seriously flawed and misleading (or is redundant or plagiarized).
What Are the Compelling Reasons?
- Bogus claims of authorship
- Multiple submission
- Fraudulent use of data
- Infringements of professional ethical codes
- Redundant publication
- Failure to disclose a major competing interest
Should retraction be applied in cases of disputed authorship?
Authors sometimes request that articles are retracted when authorship is disputed after publication. If there is no reason to doubt the validity of the findings or the reliability of the data it is not appropriate to retract a publication solely for an authorship dispute. In such cases, the journal editor should inform those who are involved in the dispute that s/he cannot adjudicate in such cases, but they may be willing to publish a correction to the author/contributor list if the authors/contributors (or their institutions) provide appropriate proof that such a change is justified.
Article Retraction Process
- A retraction note entitled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list.
- In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article.
- The original article is retained unchanged saving for a watermark on the .pdf file version on the each page to indicate that it is “retracted.”
- The HTML version of the document is removed.
Wager E, Barbour V, Yentis S, Kleinert S. Retraction Guidelines. Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Sep 2009. Available from: http://publicationethics.org/files/retraction%20guidelines.pdf
Thanks to the important role of editor in chiefs in accepting or rejecting an article, there are rare cases of published articles which needs a sort of a retraction at a later date or a disclaimer made concerning its content. Such a decision is only made after careful consideration of the individual case and is the result of sound and conscientious evaluation on the part of the Editor in Chief.
Article withdrawal is applied to submitted papers either within peer review process or accepted for publication that are for the moment only available in a pre-publication form (“Early Release or Ahead of Print”). These sometime contain errors or are articles that may have already been published and then mistakenly resubmitted for publication elsewhere. In rarer cases, these papers may not observe established ethical requirements, there may be some inconsistency in the declaration of authors’ contributions, or data may have been presented the integrity of which may be in doubt, etc. Articles may also be retracted to allow authors’ to correct any errors that had not been identified before submission.
Withdrawal is an action that takes the manuscript out of the review process and places it back into the author's dashboard. In General, we do not suggest the article withdrawal, since it wastes valuable manuscript processing time, cost and works spent by the publisher.
How can an author request for withdrawal?
Authors are able to withdraw an article if and only if their articles were in one the below states:
Sent back to author